The Beginner Photographer's Essentials
As instructors, we're asked nearly every day what camera equipment to buy. This question has different answers, depending on what you're trying to do - are you a beginner? do you want to take photos of waterfalls? night photography? wildlife? Consider this post a guide for the beginning photographer, who wants to own more than just what came with the camera, but you don't want to focus on one specific type of photography. (We're assuming your camera is a crop-sensor camera, and not a full-frame)
If you’re looking at getting a new camera, email us! We can give you specific recommendations. Or, you can read this article by Mark from ShotKit, which is a good starting point and guide for the beginning photographer.
So what should you have in your pack? By far, our most common recommendation is:
1. A Ball-Head Tripod
This one is the most important. Everyone has an old tripod in the basement somewhere, that was once used for camcorders to take home movies. This piece of junk is no good for photography! It is very different from a ball-head tripod, which we suggest you spend at least $120 on for something that will last. The difference is that with a ball-head, you can level your camera on almost any surface, where the pan-head tripod cannot. It's legs are tethered together, while the ball-head legs are free to be moved or extended independently. You adjust the ball to re-compose your camera, instead of moving the legs. You can also easily switch to a vertical perspective, which is impossible on a pan-head tripod. You can choose between aluminum or carbon fiber, with carbon fiber being a more expensive option but is also lighter and more robust.
2. A Wide-Angle Lens
You will need a proper wide angle lens to capture landscapes the way nature photographers do. Your kit lens, like an 18-55, is just not wide enough. You need something that opens to 11 or 12 to really capture the depth of a scene, like far away mountains and a foreground too. We always recommend the Tokina 11-16. This lens also has a wide aperture, which will help you capture night sky photos and a lot of stars - or even the milky way. For example, if you want to make shots like these below, you will need to invest in a wide angle lens like the Tokina to achieve similar results. Click here for Canon, here for Nikon, or here for Sony.
3. A Remote with a Lock
A remote release is an inexpensive tool that will help keep your photos sharp. Once you start dabbling in long exposures, you'll want a release to ensure you aren't shaking the camera when you press the shutter button. A remote with a lock on it will also enable you to use your camera's Bulb Mode function, for taking exposures longer than 30 seconds. This is required for night photography. Some models, like this one, come with a lot of other tools like timers, an intervalometer, etc.
4. A UV Filter(s)
You should purchase a UV filter for every lens you own. It does not affect picture quality, but is a protective layer over your lens. If you were to drop your lens, you're much more likely to crack the filter on top, which might cost you $10-30, versus cracking the glass of your lens, which might be worth hundreds or even thousands of dollars. It happens.
5. A Variable Neutral Density Filter
If you've ever tried shooting a long exposure on a bright sunny day, you'll remember how washed out and over-exposed your photos came out. Using a Neutral Density filter is like putting sunglasses over your lens - it reduces the amount of light coming through, enabling you to use a slower shutter speed. This is perfect when you're trying to capture movement, like waterfalls or the ocean. You can buy NDs in different strengths, measured in stops of light, but if you'd like to make it easy on yourself, invest a little more money into a Variable ND filter. That is, buy one filter that you can spin to increase the strength, or density of darkness. Make sure you purchase the right thread size for your lens!
Here are some links for different sizes:
6. A Lens Blower
Easily one of the cheapest things we recommend you to keep in your pack at all times. A lens blower is just another tool to keep your equipment clean. Before wiping down any glass, give it a few pumps of air from your lens blower to blow away any coarse dust, so you're not rubbing it into the surface you'll be wiping.
You can get one here.